What is Boson in 'Higgs boson' ?

In the whole world, physicists are celebrating the GREAT discovery of 'Higgs Boson' - God particle.It will guide us to convert our cosmos theoretical knowledge to practical base. But what is this Higgs Boson ?

Higgs boson is one of the six elementary bosons that were discovered by an Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose.These are :
  • The four gauge bosons (γ · g · W± · Z)
  • The Higgs boson (H0)    
  • The graviton (G).
All these bosons are particles which obey Bose–Einstein statistics.

Now Higgs Boson importance ... As the Universe cooled and the temperature fell below a critical value, an invisible force field called the ‘Higgs field*’ was formed together with the associated ‘Higgs boson’. The field prevails throughout the cosmos: any particles that interact with it are given a mass via the Higgs boson. The more they interact, the heavier they become, whereas particles that never interact are left with no mass at all. The problem is that before this july,no one has ever observed the Higgs boson in an experiment to confirm the theory. Finding this particle would give an insight into why particles have certain mass, and help to develop subsequent physics.

So when we raise a toast for people involved with discovery of 'Higgs boson',do remember our own Mr. Bose(Another Indian like Gandhi who deserved the Nobel for his work but but but....).

* a hypothetical, ubiquitous quantum field supposedly responsible for giving elementary particles their masses.


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